Aggressive gerrymandering may make elections less competitive, experts say

Redistribution has become a paradox of lawmakers as lawmakers on both sides seek political benefits in many provinces.

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As provinces across the country write and form political boundaries for the next decade, experts say Americans can expect very close, competitive competition.

"Competition is one of the biggest victims of this cycle of re-prohibition," said Michael Li, a specialist who also owns the Brennan Center for Justice at New York University School of Law, a non-partisan organization.

Re-governance is a common political process, necessary to correct political lines in order to grow the people and ensure equitable representation across the country. But in a developing country, the process has become the death of the party as lawmakers on both sides seek political benefits in many provinces.

Gerrymandering promotes that polarization, too, by lawmakers who are often elected to primaries instead of competing national election competitions that promote middle candidates.

The GOP provincial legislatures, which are more in control of the repression process than Democrats this year, have begun to reap huge profits, but Democrats, who are expected to face a tough mid-season, look to or authorize some of their leaders. .

Here is how the five provinces suffered and who the programs will benefit from.

1. North Carolina did not pay attention to race data

North Carolina lawmakers have spent years defending maps of the past decade in court, openly admitting that they were partisan gerrymanders; The state courts forced them to redraw the Congressional maps of 2016 and 2019, but the Supreme Court ruled in 2019 that state courts could not force police to participate.

By the end of the decade, the reprinted map still seemed to proportionate the Republicans: By 2020, the Republicans had won less than 50 percent of the national vote in national races, but won 8 out of 13 Congressional seats. Next year, newly established maps are expected to increase that profits, with 10 Republicans and 4 Democrats elected in a deep purple area, according to a map analysis conducted by the Princeton Gerrymandering Project, a team of non-partisan researchers analyzing and redistributing maps.

"Their map was taken to the High Court in Rucho because it was one of the worst leaders in the history of our country," said Doug Spencer, a rehabilitation specialist and professor of law at the University of Colorado, adding that new maps were emerging. to be a worse criminal than the one accused before the Supreme Court.

He pointed to the "efficiency gap" metric, a partisan gerrymandering measure. "The last map that was challenged by 9 percent is in favor of Republicans. The current map is 20 percent" in favor of GOP, he said.

Proponents of her case have been working to make the actual transcript of this statement available online.

Map Successfully Breaks Democrats: Take Guilford County, NC as an example: the 2019 maps were for the entire region - including the majority of one district, which elected Democrat Rep. Kathy Manning in 2020. The new maps divide the region into three separate Congressional constituencies. , city dwellers in Greensboro, NC and parts of High Point NC to build three secure Republican seats.

2. Illinois drew regions that looked insane

Illinois provides an excellent example of a Democratic gerrymander, with a map that looks more like a series of inkblot Rorschach tests than a group of united political regions. The map gives Democrats the power to control 14 of the 17 seats, according to an analysis of the Princeton Gerrymandering Project that gave the country a F-grade on the map, particularly highlighting its lack of territorial integrity, neutrality, and competitiveness. President Joe Biden won the state by 7 points by 2020.

The 13th district, for example, begins in St. Louis before running three hours northeast, we take parts of Springfield, Decatur, and Champaign. The Chicago area is divided into seven Congressional constituencies, one of which looks like a misshapen lobster claw.

"You can't always tell a gerrymander about its status, but sometimes you can. Illinois is an example of where the fact that the regions look funny actually reflects the fact that they not only look funny, but are politically biased," Li said.

3. Ohio watered the new commission

In recent years, Ohio has made changes to the country's constitution aimed at making the reconstruction process fair, including establishing a two-part commission to draw maps where lawmakers fail to reach an agreement between the two parties. But a commission set up to assist with mapping has been around for a while this fall, sending maps of the Congress back to the GOP-led state legislature, which has created maps that experts say are highly decorated with them.

The final map divides Cincinnati and its suburbs into Hamilton County into three separate counties, comprising urban voters, the Democratic Alliance and most rural, law-abiding citizens. Democrats are expected to win about three of Ohio's 15 seats allocated this year, according to political figures. Trump won the state by 8 points in the 2020 election.

Experts say many states that try to use re-prevention commissions are facing growing pains. While some states including Michigan are setting up independent deterrent commissions, others, such as Virginia and Ohio, have tried to bipartisan commissions with players who are part of a team that is in trouble. As the country has become more Republican in recent years, the motivation to avoid harassment has diminished.

“The idea was, everyone would want to compromise and get a ten-year map, because you never know who's in control.