North American agencies promote a profit strategy for countries that rule out hiring Chinese technology companies due to the risk of being used as a method of espionage.
The Joe Biden government continues to increase pressure from Washington on the ambitions of the Xi Jinping regime in the overseas 5G sector through incentives and inducements to countries willing not to accept proposals from Chinese telecommunications companies for the technological infrastructure.
The 5G internet will allow billions of data to flow smoothly simultaneously. Still, it leaves the web more exposed to the risk of theft of industrial secrets, private information, or malicious acts. Democrats and Republicans fear that China and its companies, already leading the way in ultra-fast 5G mobile internet technology, will jeopardize the national security of the United States and its allies.
Against this background, US foreign affairs agencies have developed workshops and manuals for politicians, officials of regulatory agencies, and academics linked to the issue to warn of the risks of using equipment from Huawei or ZTE, two Chinese technology giants, according to Wall Street. Journal.
The United States considers this equipment a threat of espionage since Huawei and other Chinese manufacturers could put the data at the service of the Chinese regime. However, the companies insist on denying the ties with Beijing.
The State Department's efforts will also be embodied in a reference book covering the primary case studies to chart how Washington's allies, such as the United Kingdom, have successfully enforced restrictions on Chinese equipment for national security issues.
"The Biden-Harris administration considers 5G security a high priority," said Stephen Anderson, the acting deputy assistant secretary for the State Department who oversees its telecommunications and technology outreach efforts, as quoted by the WSJ. As he explained, US experts will advise countries on the costs, regulations, and cybersecurity considerations necessary to build 5G networks.
For their part, in Congress, both US parties are promoting a bill that proposes to provide funds to Central and Eastern European countries to finance telecommunications infrastructure, provided that they are not contracts with Chinese companies, which are usually cheaper than rivals such as the Swedish Ericsson, the Finnish Nokia or the South Korean Samsung.
Success is variable. Countries like Romania, Poland, and some Baltic nations listen carefully to US proposals. At the same time, Hungary and Serbia have been more receptive to China.
The Trump administration had already warned of the possibility that Beijing could disrupt US telecommunications. With the malicious acts that multiplied in recent months, that risk is more present than ever in the heads of Democrats and Republicans.