The Biden administration on Tuesday formally pulled the plug on former President Donald Trump's "stay in Mexico" policy, which forced thousands of refugees from Central America to live south of the US border until their claims were heard. Gone.
Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Meyercas said he was ending the policy, formally known as the Migration Protection Protocol, in a memo to agency chiefs after a month-long review by his office. The Biden administration temporarily halted the program on January 20, its first day in office, pending review.
“I have determined that the MPP does not sufficiently or permanently enhance border management in such a way as to justify the wider operational burden of the program and other deficiencies. During the program, border encounters increased during certain periods occurred and decreased during others," the memorandum said.
Meyerkas said the policy - which Trump had acknowledged as an effective tool in protecting the southern border and criticized by international organizations as inhumane - had produced "mixed results".
"It is certainly true that some eviction proceedings pursuant to the MPP were completed more quickly than non-custodial cases, but this came with some significant shortcomings that are cause for concern," he wrote.
"The focus on speed did not always coincide with adequate efforts to ensure that conditions in Mexico would enable migrants to attend their immigration proceedings," he said, noting that the large number of absentees cases were heard in
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While one of the Trump administration's goals for the policy was to reduce the backlog of asylum cases, "the backlog increased during the course of the program," Meyerkas wrote.
The policy also did little to relieve tensions on US personnel patrolling the border – more than 25 percent of the 68,000 people who returned to Mexico later "enter the United States between ports of entry." Were trying to do it," Meyerkas wrote.
The memo states that the administration is looking at ways to implement long-needed reforms to the US asylum system and that a significant part of the reforms includes working with Mexico and Central American countries to reduce the number of asylum seekers. while "expanding cooperative efforts. Combating smuggling and smuggling networks, and more."
"I share the belief that we can manage migration in an effective, responsible and sustainable manner only when we look at the issue broadly beyond our borders," Meyerkas wrote.