The State Department on Wednesday will announce the appointment of two senior government officials to lead Biden management efforts to improve the situation of Afghan women and girls about four months after the US withdrawal, NBC News found.
The United Nations and other international agencies report that Afghan women and girls are increasingly being burdened by the humanitarian crisis following the departure of US troops in August after nearly two decades of conflict.
Secretary of State Antony Blinken is expected to appoint Rina Amiri as the special envoy for women, girls and the rights of the Afghan people. Amiri was a senior US special envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan during the Obama administration. He is also a member of the UN Secretary-General's team in Afghanistan.
Blinken will also appoint Stephenie Foster, another veteran of the Ministry of State, as the senior adviser on women's and girls' issues as part of the Afghan immigration agency team.
The International Rescue Committee ranks Afghanistan last in 170 countries for women's rights. According to the U.N., since the withdrawal of the US and the occupation of the Taliban, women and girls have faced even greater barriers to accessing education, employment or social participation.
"As Afghans strive to meet their basic needs, vulnerable people - especially women-headed families with children - are forced to take drastic measures, including child labor, child marriage to ensure their survival, and - according to some reports - even child trafficking," he said. said Nada Al-Nashif, the UN deputy human rights commissioner, this month.
Biden officials are under increasing pressure from international aid agencies to comply with Taliban demands to release $ 9 billion in US-controlled assets
The US and its allies, however, demand constitutional protection for Afghan women and other guarantees before they can see the Taliban as a legitimate government and free up funds. Officials recently allowed international aid groups and non-profit organizations to secure Afghanistan funds while maintaining U.S. sanctions.
The Taliban issued a decree on December 3 that required the consent of women to marry, but the U.N. stated that the decision does not include the minimum age for women or the general right to education, employment or freedom of movement for women and girls.
According to UNICEF, 60 percent of the 4.2 million Afghan children who are not enrolled in school. The difference is particularly evident in high schools due to the shortage of female teachers and the need in many provinces for girls to be educated only by women, UNICEF said.