Children aged 5 to 11 can now get Pfizer vaccine after CDC director is out

The action of Drs. Rochelle Walensky states that children's vaccines can now be controlled by health care providers.

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The director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention signed Tuesday evening with a recommendation that the low-dose Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine for Covid be available for children aged 5 to 11 years. As a result, more than 28 million children are now able to achieve their goals. .

CDC Director, Dr. Rochelle Walensky, signed a unanimous recommendation from the centre's advisory committee within hours of voting Tuesday.

The full spread of the Covid-19 epidemic

The members of the advisory committee strongly supported the policy.

"This is a big step forward for children and parents and I commend this recommendation," said committee member Dr. Beth Bell, professor of health at the global health department at the University of Washington.

"Most importantly, the information presented here today is that the vaccine is safe," said committee member Dr. Oliver Brooks, medical officer at Watts HealthCare Corporation in Los Angeles. "Children are dying, and we can reduce hospitalization, incidents and deaths with this safe and effective policy that will benefit the community."

Another committee member, Drs. Matthew Daley, chief investigator at Kaiser Permanente Colorado, admitted that some parents are concerned about the vaccine.

"We know you only want the best for your child, and understandably you have questions and concerns," said Daley. “This can be especially true in view of what appears to be a deliberate campaign to get information out there. So I would just recommend that you talk to your pediatrician or your child's family doctor. ”

Drs. Richard Besser, a pediatrician and president of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, said, "I truly believe that having a safe and effective pediatric vaccine is important in ending this epidemic."

Why should children get Covid vaccine?

Although many children are less susceptible to Covid as adults, they still suffer from the disease. Since the outbreak began, there have been more than 1.9 million Covid cases, more than 8,300 94 hospitalizations and 94 deaths due to Covid among children aged 5 to 11 in the United States, Drs. . Jefferson Jones, chief medical officer with the CDC, said Tuesday.

But "Covid-19 is now more secure," said Drs. Sara Oliver, intelligence officer at CDC. "So now we have the power to prevent the burden of disease, future hospitalization and Covid-19 deaths in children aged 5 to 11 years."

Oliver noted that the level of hospitalization seen in children with Covid was comparable to that observed during the common cold - but it was still happening despite strong mitigation measures in place during the epidemic. On the other hand, the flu epidemic during the violence was almost non-existent.

Covid-related diseases are also a threat to children. MIS-C, or multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children, is most common in 5 to 11 children, Jones said. MIS-C is a serious inflammatory condition that can occur within a few weeks after infection. Children are also at risk for a long Covid.

There are also serious injuries beyond physical illness, including absenteeism and after-school activities.

Pfizer reported that its vaccine is about 91 percent effective against the symptomatic disease in its clinical trial of children aged 5 to 11 years.

The Pfizer vaccine for 5- to 11-year-olds comes in small doses, at 10 micrograms, compared to the 30 micrograms given to those ages 12 and older. As a vaccine for groups of adults, it is given in two doses, every three weeks apart. Children's vaccine containers have an orange cap and label.

What about myocarditis?

About half of American parents say they intend to vaccinate their child, Oliver said. Thirty-seven percent of parents reported "adverse effects" as a reason for not wanting to vaccinate their children, and allergies, fever and myocarditis among the top concerns.

Drs. Kate Woodworth, a regular pediatrician at the CDC, in her presentation said the most common side effects include arm pain and swelling at the injection site, as well as fever, fatigue and pain. Woodworth added that side effects in children may be less common than in adolescents and adults.

Myocarditis, inflammation of the heart muscle, is uncommon. It is most commonly reported in boys and young men under the age of 30 after their second dose of mRNA vaccine.

Drs. Matthew Oster, a pediatric cardiologist at Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, during a presentation to the committee on Tuesday that he believes children aged 5 to 11 are less likely to develop myocarditis in the Covid vaccine compared to adolescents and adults.

Oster also said he believes the benefits of vaccination outweigh the risk of myocarditis.

877 cases of vaccinated myocarditis have been confirmed by the CDC for men under the age of 30 to date. Nine people died, but investigators found that none of the deaths had so far been caused by vaccinated myocarditis, Oster said. The investigation into two of the victims is ongoing.

Oster noted that vaccine-induced myocarditis differs from classical myocarditis, which can be caused by a variety of factors including bacterial and viral infections. Patients with vaccinated myocarditis often return to normal heart function immediately, he said.

Three months later, 50 percent of CDC's myocarditis patients reported no symptoms. In addition, 91 percent of cardiologists treating patients with myocarditis said they had fully recovered or recovered, Oster said.

More than 192 million U.S. people have been completely vaccinated, according to CDC data, comprising about 68 percent of all people over the age of 12.