China and Russia jointly announced plans for a joint lunar space station. Simultaneously, Moscow tries to reclaim the glory of its Soviet Times (Russian) space pioneering days, and Beijing pursues its extraterrestrial dreams.
Russia used to be at the forefront of space exploration, sending the very first man into space. Still, its cosmic dreams have dimmed as a result of inadequate funding and widespread corruption.
It has been surpassed by China and the United States, which have also scored significant victories in recent years in space exploration and science.
In a statement released on Tuesday, the space agency of Russian named Roscomos said it had agreed with China's National Space Administration (CNSA) to establish a "complex of experimental testing facilities created on the surface or in the orbit of the Moon."
The CNSA, for its part, stated that the project was "open to all interested countries and international partners" and that it will be China's largest international orbit collaboration project to date, according to experts.
In the space race, Russia is attempting to reclaim the lead.
Meanwhile, China, which has been seeking stronger ties with Moscow have launched its active space program.
NASA has set its sights on the Lunar Surface with its Perseverance rovers completing their first test drive on Mars last week. Even if plans are still in the early stages, NASA hopes to perform a potential human expedition to the earth in the future.
However, Russia and the United States are both cooperating in space missions, one of the few remaining fields of coordination between the Cold War adversaries.
Last year, however, Russia refused to sign the US-led Artemis Accord, which allows countries to engage in a NASA-led lunar exploration program.
NASA expects to send the first woman and the next man on the moon by 2024 under the Artemis initiative, which was revealed under the presidency of former US President Donald Trump.
After the first successful launch of the US corporation Space X, Roscosmos lost its monopoly on crewed flights to the International Space Station (ISS) last year, dealing another blow to Russia's space prestige.
Elon Musk's Space X has established itself as a significant participant in the current space race, with plans to fly many public members to the Moon in 2023 on a trip funded by a Japanese billionaire.
A concept rocket was also landed on Mars by Space X in March, but it crashed on the landing pad.