The number of working-age people in the world's most populous country is falling at a rapid pace amid concerns that China will allow couples to have three children, state media reported on Monday.
Xinhua reported that the change was approved during the Communist Party Politburo meeting chaired by Chinese President Xi Jinping.
The news follows census data showing China's working-age population has shrunk over the past decade, while the number of people over 65 has increased, adding to the pressure on the economy and society. Growth is the slowest in decades, and could pose a major threat to China's ambitious economic goals, experts warn.
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“Birth policies will be further improved. The policy that allows a couple to have three children will be introduced with supportive measures, which will improve China's population structure, ”Xinhua reported.
The Communist Party has enforced birth limits since 1980 to curb population growth, and the declining population is partly a result of the controversial one-child policy implemented in 1979. Couples not complying with family planning laws faced fines of losing their jobs and being. In some cases, mothers were forced to abort or sterilize their babies.
Sanctions were loosened in 2015, amid calls for slow one-child policy change amid warnings of slow economic growth and economic issues that could have arisen from an aging population. Families were then allowed up to two children per family.
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However, liberalization of policies failed to revive the country's falling birth rate. The 2020 census showed that mothers gave birth to 12 million children last year, down from 14.65 million in 2019, reflecting a year-on-year decline of 18 percent, marking China's descent for nearly Netanyahu six decades. Continues at the lower level of.Young people in Beijing react to changes in one child policy
Meanwhile, the number of older people also increased to 18.7 percent, from 13.26 percent a decade ago and about 10 percent in 2000.
Since when the new policy will come into force, it was not disclosed.