During the meeting, which lasted more than three hours, Biden expressed concern with Xi Jinping about human rights and the threat posed by Taiwan.
The US president stated that "containment" measures are needed and that "competition between the two countries should not turn into a conflict."
According to the White House, the presidents of the United States and China, Joe Biden and Xi Jinping, respectively, began a virtual summit on Monday that lasted about three and a half hours, more than initially scheduled by the delegations. According to the US president, the meeting was held to avoid "a conflict" between Washington and Beijing, the AFP found.
Despite the long duration of the meeting, a senior White House official told reporters at a telephone press conference that there was no significant progress or agreement.
"We are not expecting a breakthrough. There were none. Nothing to report," said the official.
Biden and Xi addressed a range of issues, including Taiwan, extensively, but the "responsible management of competition" between the two countries is the main issue on the table.
In the case of Taiwan, Biden told Xi that the United States is opposed to "unilateral changes in the status quo" and reiterated Washington's commitment to the "one China" policy that recognizes only Beijing as a state. But he warned that they "strongly oppose unilateral attempts to change or decimate peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait."
The American leader also put human rights on the table at various times during the meeting. According to the official, "he was quite clear and quite sincere with the variety of concerns" in this regard.
Later, the White House detailed that Biden spoke of Hong Kong, Tibet, and Xinjiang.
They also talked about Iran, a subject of friction between the two countries over Beijing's purchase of Iranian crude. However, according to the White House, the leaders focused on exchanging opinions in the face of nuclear negotiations.
They also spoke about the Indo-Pacific region, which the two countries have their sights on. Biden conveyed to Xi his intention to keep it "open and free."
Biden said that "containment" measures are needed and that "competition between the two countries must not turn into a conflict. "Xi, for his part, said that the two countries should "improve their communication and cooperation."
The two presidents have spoken at length by phone twice since Biden's inauguration in January. However, given Xi's refusal to travel abroad due to the pandemic, an online meeting was chosen.
"I am willing to work with you," the Chinese president continued.
The conversation between the two began at 7:45 p.m. Washington time (0045 GMT on Tuesday) and could last "several hours," White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki reported on Monday.
Biden's advisers present the summit as an opportunity to avoid an escalation in tensions, particularly over Taiwan, an autonomous democracy that China considers a rogue province.
"We know that, as a responsible global leader, it is important to keep communication channels open," a senior US government official told reporters about Biden.
"The president will also make it clear that we want to build common safeguards to avoid miscalculations or misunderstandings," he added. However, he sought to moderate expectations by noting that remarkable results are not expected from the summit.
The meeting was held after Biden criticized Xi's absence at major international events. The Chinese president strengthened his grip on the regime.
Relations between the two powers hit rock bottom during the presidency of Donald Trump (2017-2021), who launched a trade war against China while attacking Beijing for its handling of the pandemic.
Biden recast the confrontation more broadly, that of a struggle between democracy and autocracy. Despite his tone being more measured than Trump's, the relationship between Washington and Beijing is taut.
Taiwan generates the most tension between the two powers in the face of an intensification of Chinese military activities with a record number of incursions into the island's air defense zone.
Tensions were high over the weekend between Secretary of State Anthony Blanken and his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi.
Blinken expressed concern over Beijing's continued military, diplomatic and economic pressure on Taipei. At the same time, Wang warned against any US move that could be seen as support for Taiwan's independence.
On Monday, Beijing blamed Biden for improving relations.
Foreign Ministry Spokeswoman Jiang Yu's Regular Press Conference on March 26, 2006
However, the US official pointed out that Biden "will be very direct and frank about the issues" that "cause concern" to the White House, alluding to the "coercive and provocative behavior of China concerning Taiwan" as well as what Washington considers human rights violations and aggressive business practices by China.
However, he stressed that there is room for cooperation in various areas, such as climate change.
This virtual meeting takes place when Xi Jinping strengthens his control over the regime, as evidenced by the adoption on Thursday of a resolution of the Communist Party of China, celebrating its centenary, which highlights the president's legacy among the president icons of the regime.
According to the official, this has "strengthened" the concentration of power in the hands of the Chinese president.
If Biden and Xi manage to establish a regular communication rhythm with face-to-face meetings when the situation arises, China and the United States will be able to handle the fluctuations and risks of their relationship more easily" estimates Danny Russel, a senior diplomat during the mandate of Barack Obama and specialist in Asia, in an article for the magazine "Foreign Affairs."
Amid growing geostrategic tensions between the two countries, today is the first formal meeting between the two leaders since Biden took office in January this year.