The increasingly frequent situations where the infrastructure is unable to contain water in the state is one of the main problems it will face in the medium term, which the norms say seek to deal with the situation.
The rise in the sea level and the consequent floods are two problems that concern Florida authorities and residents. The episodes caused by climate change are increasingly frequent in the state.
Although cities like Miami are pioneers in the world in the use of funds to design and implement infrastructure plans to combat floods and the advance of the sea (with pumping systems and house elevation), year after year, Florida faces the risks that these natural phenomena represent in some of its coastal neighborhoods.
In this framework, Governor Ron DeSantis ratified two laws approved by the local legislature - located in Tallahassee, the capital - that allocate hundreds of millions of dollars to deal with these situations.
"The legislature executed my request to make significant investments and make a difference in resilience," said DeSantis during the signing ceremony that took place in Tarpon Springs. This area faces severe flooding even after low-pressure storms.
"The question is not whether we are going to have a problem with flooding in our state. The question is when will we have this problem, "added legislator Chris Sprowls, who was with DeSantis.
The laws provide for the following changes in Florida:
Over the past decade, the Florida legislature has faced harsh criticism for its inaction on this issue. According to lawmaker Sprowls, this year's plan is the most robust ever passed in this state.
Environmental organizations such as the Environmental Defense Fund applauded the laws. However, dissenting voices indicated that the plan falls short and is too late. Another criticism suggests that the program focuses on developing costly infrastructure to attack the consequences of the floods. Nothing is being done to limit the causes, such as controlling the emission of fossil fuels that contribute to climate change.
"Florida will never be truly resilient if we do not support the progress of clean and renewable energy," said Yoca Arditi Rocha, executive director of the CLEO Institute, an activist group against climate change, in a statement.
The new laws come into force on July 1.