G7: Russian-orchestrated cyberattacks, the "act of war" that Joe Biden will discuss at the summit.

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source: edition.cnn.com

The United States believes that it is important to speak on this matter with one voice in front of host countries or allow hackers to operate in their territory.

Cyberattacks in recent weeks in the United States launched from Russia have put vital economic institutions and sectors in check, prompting the Pentagon to call them "acts of war" and the US President, Joe Biden, to bring this issue to the fore. The summit of the G7.

Biden participates from this Friday until Sunday in the G7 summit, which takes place in Carbis Bay (Cornwall, southwest of the United Kingdom). Before traveling, his national security adviser, Jake Sullivan, announced that the United States intends for this meeting to be the beginning of an "action plan" against cyberattacks.

For Washington, this strategy should address a series of "essential" points: "First, how to collectively address the robustness and resilience of our defenses against 'ransomware' attacks; the second, how to share information on the nature of the threat between our democracies; and the third, how to deal with the challenges posed by cryptocurrencies," Sullivan said earlier this week.

Biden wants to raise this issue at the G7 because the US believes it is important to speak with one voice against countries, such as Russia, that host or allow hackers to operate on their territory.

Similarly, Sullivan has declared that both cybersecurity and the role of cryptocurrencies in these attacks should be "a priority" for both the G7 and NATO, which will hold a summit in Brussels on Monday, in which Biden will take part.

In recent weeks, the US has been the target of two cyberattacks perpetrated with "ransomware" that blocks computer systems, which are not released until the affected companies or institutions pay a ransom to the hackers.

Last week, JBS, the second-largest meat processor in the United States, suffered one of these attacks and was forced to temporarily suspend its operations.

JBS is responsible for 20% of beef and pork production in the US. The closure of its plants raised concerns that it could affect distribution. Still, the company was quickly able to reestablish operations.

Two days ago, this company, whose parent company is in Brazil, admitted to having paid the "hackers" a ransom of 11 million dollars after the activity in its plants was restored to avoid greater evils.

The payment was made in cryptocurrency and, according to the FBI, the alleged perpetrators are a group of hackers based in Russia and known as REvil.

The attack on JBS came weeks after another organization. DarkSide, based in Russian territory, carried out a similar cyber attack against Colonial Pipeline, the largest network of oil pipelines in the US.

In the case of Colonial, whose hacking caused serious gasoline supply problems in the country, the company paid DarkSide 4.3 million dollars in bitcoin to regain control of its computer systems.

However, the Justice Department announced this week that it had managed to track down and recover 2.3 million of that ransom in an operation that targeted "Darkside's" bitcoin wallet, used by hackers to collect the ransom.

In both the JBS hack and the Colonial Pipeline hack, the US authorities have accused hackers based on Russian territory. Still, they have ruled out that the Moscow government is involved.

The Solarwinds hack

Added to these cyberattacks is the one at the end of 2020, when several government agencies and large US companies were attacked through the SolarWinds program, for which Washington did blame Russia, calling it an "act of espionage."

Hackers entered all kinds of systems through updates to a popular program from the US technology company SolarWinds, called Orion. Both the US Executive and hundreds of large companies use to monitor computer networks.

According to US intelligence agencies, the "hack" affected "approximately 18,000 customers" of SolarWinds. However, "a much smaller number" reported damage from "subsequent activity on their systems."

In April, the Washington government imposed a harsh battery of sanctions against Russia. It expelled ten members of its diplomatic legation for alleged cyberattacks in Moscow, their interference in the US elections, the occupation of Crimea, and the rewards for US soldiers in Afghanistan.

And without a doubt, these "hacks" will be one of the issues that Biden wants to address with his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, during his first face-to-face in Geneva on June 16.

The White House press secretary, Jen Psaki, announced earlier this month that Biden would ask Putin to act to "stop and prevent" the cyberattacks launched by criminal groups based in Russia against the US.