Arizona, Florida and Texas are seen as the next frontier to change the way people vote, with their legislatures looking at proposals for other ID requirements, restrictions on the ballot boxes, and the private cut of local election offices.
The three say each has a growing and diverse population and play a major role in the outcome of presidential competitions. And they all have Republican presidents and Republican presidents in the legislature.
But political styles and the way they conduct elections are different. Donald Trump and the local Republicans won in Texas last year, and the state now has some of the most voting laws in the country. Arizona is a battleground that emerges and there, Joe Biden issued an extraordinary victory for the Democrats. Florida, the province that Mr. Trump owns, made headlines last year because its election went well.
The general theme in these provinces when it comes to proposed changes reflects the national party's emphasis on elections. "Many of the changes in the upcoming elections are based on nonsense - a lie - a big lie," said David Becker, executive director and founder of the Center for Election Innovation & Research. "A lot of this change is not necessary, by any means. The security of the election has been incredibly good."
The Brennan Center, which has been following the recommendations of the national voting law, has found that lawmakers in 47 provinces have introduced 361 bills that will prevent people from getting to the polls. Of those restrictive sanctions, at least 55 currently travel through legislatures in 24 states. To date, 29 of them have passed one room, while 26 of them have done so by a committee vote. In all, five bills have been signed into law, including last week in Georgia.
The following provinces should be considered before voting laws:
Arizona is considering tightening its election laws. Most of its voters have been sending their votes for years, ever since the state began allowing postal voting for all registered voters 30 years ago.
One of the two major bills that have passed the state Senate since the 2020 election, SB 1485, could narrow the voting pool by removing the permanent voting list, allowing voters to automatically get a postal ballot for every election they deserve to vote. If voters choose not to vote early in the primary and special elections in two consecutive rounds, they are at risk of being removed from the first round of voters. Districts must notify these voters, who may remain on the list to respond within 30 days. The previous version of the bill failed in the Senate when Repubilcans voted against the bill, saying it did not fully understand its terms, but supported SB 1485.
Another bill to consider is SB 1713, which adds a missing voter ID requirement. Arizona confirms absentee voting using a signature match, but the bill will require voters to provide a number from a driver's license, state ID, national ID or voter registration number, in addition to giving a signature in return for the absentee vote.
Florida was a prominent place during the election marred by COVID-related delays. The state had no excuses for the absenteeism program long before the epidemic, and until the 2020 elections, Republicans outnumbered Democrats by postal ballot. The state also had strict rules for processing voting before election day, so officials were able to report the results on Election Night. After working for years to restore its image after the 2000 election, Florida rose to prominence in 2020.
However, the Republic of Florida is seeking voting restrictions. The legislature is considering Senate Bill 90, which focuses on absenteeism. The law will ban the use of fully pull-out boxes - a popular method of retrieving mail-ins - and will require voters to insert a form of identification with a postal balloon over the signature. The bill could immediately prevent anyone other than a family member from returning a missing balloon. It would also require voters who apply to apply for a non-existent vote to re-submit each electoral cycle, instead of both rounds as the current policy.
Republican Governor Ron DeSantis has also encouraged the change, saying that while elections are going well in Florida, "we should not get out of the things we do." At a committee hearing last month, Senator Dennis Baxley, who sponsored the proposed constitution, said: "It's not that there has been a downturn so we have to fix it. But should we wait for the downturn?" But Lake County Supervisor Alan Hays, a former Republican lawyer, called the law "cruel," saying lawmakers were playing "with the lives of 1.5 million Floridians, not to mention the added burden on the lives of election officials."
Republican state senators in Michigan introduced more than a dozen bills last week involving a wide range of voting issues. There are two credits that will add a photo ID requirement: one that includes out-of-office voting and one for personal voting. Currently, voters without an ID can sign an affidavit confirming their identity, but new loans will require them to vote temporarily and verify their identity.
There are also bills that require the approval of pull-out boxes and close them at 5 p.m. on the eve of the election, allowing polling stations to record ballot papers, and preventing the state secretary from posting illegal ballot papers or submitting applications on the state website.
"The changes introduced today want to make the Michigan election more secure, accurate and credible, while at the same time making it easier to participate in the election process," GOP Senator Lana Theis said in a statement sent to the media last week.
There are also bills that will allow 16- to 17-and-a-half-year-olds to register before voting and will establish early voting on the second Saturday before the election.
Michigan Democrat Gretchen Whitmer could vote for any bills he considered too restrictive, but Michigan Republicans could work. If Whitmer votes on the legislature's money slip, the GOP could start a petition. If they collect about 340,000 signatures, the legislature can vote in the petition and the simple majority can approve it without the governor's signature.
"If that law is passed by our legislature, I am sure it will be there, but if it is not signed by the governor we have other plans to ensure it becomes law before 2022," GOP Michigan chairman Ron Weiser told activists last week. "The process involves taking that law into account and making the signatures required for legal action to become law without Gretchen Whitmer's signature."
Joe Biden defeated New Hampshire by seven points, but Republicans investigated the state and the senate and retained the governor's mansion. When it comes to voting rules, the State House is considering proposals that will eliminate voter registration on Election Day, and may prevent students from using their educational institution as a residence for the purpose of voting. New Hampshire has the highest number of students in the world - about 11% of the province's population, according to a 2017 study.
Lawmakers in Texas are considering a number of bills that could prevent voting access to what is already one of the most difficult situations to vote for. A study published last year found that Texas has very limited voting procedures by 2020. On Thursday, the state Senate passed SB 7, a sweeping bill that could add more voting restrictions. Texas state senator Bryan Hughes said Wednesday during a debate that the law sets out election laws in such a way that "all Texasans have an equal and equal opportunity to vote, regardless of where they live in government."
Part of the bill targets two practices used by Harris County, home to Houston, during the 2020 elections. Limits the first hours of voting from 6 a.m. to 9 p.m. after the state provided extended hours in 2020 and had a few 24-hour voting days. It also prevents the voting process, which was exacerbated by the epidemic and faced a legal challenge in the past. An analysis of the Texas Civil Rights Project estimates that Asian, Black and Spanish voters cast more than half of the votes in polling stations and extended periods in Harris County.
The bill prohibits district officials from submitting ballot applications that are not even available to eligible voters. It requires that the postal vote be delivered to a person, effectively preventing the use of unused tow boxes in retrieving postal votes. Voters who request a postal vote, but choose not to return it, will only be able to cast a temporary ballot. There is a need for people to assist voters or call at least three voters at the polling stations to complete a form that provides their personal details and reason for assistance. The bill will also create stricter rules on how constituencies with at least one million people can distribute polling stations. It also allows voting bodyguards to record voters, including those receiving assistance while voting if the guard "properly believes" that the aid is illegal.
"It's very frightening to allow party observers to record voters as they exercise their right to enter," Becker said.
There is also a Bill in the House, HB6, which provides for the protection of participating polling polls by reducing the reasons why a guard may not be removed from a polling station. It also requires that people who assist voters fill out a form and provide "a reason why assistance was needed." The bill also makes it remarkable that a government official distributed a request for leave to a candidate who did not ask for it.