The story on social studies was produced by The Hechinger Report, a non-profit organization, an independent media organization that focuses on inequality and innovation in education.
As Chris Tims, a high school teacher in Waterloo, Iowa, sees, history education is about teaching students to integrate different perspectives on past national difficulties.
That’s why Tims incorporates articles from “The 1619 Project” - The New York Times looks at the effects of slavery and the contributions of black Americans - into his classroom lessons.
"You can't tell the whole story of the United States without telling the story of slavery or talking about the experience of Black people," said Tims, who teaches U.S. history. And African American.
But Rep. The state of Iowa state Skyler Wheeler, which cares for the past, has a different view of the Pulitzer Prize-winning work, which has expanded to include study guides and curricula. For Wheeler, who is one of the country's leading lawmakers trying to block "The 1619 Project," resources are dangerous and divisive - "left-wing political propaganda making history," as he put it in a recent court case.
Chris Tims, a social studies teacher in Waterloo, Iowa, says he will not stop teaching "The 1619 Project," despite political pressure.
"The '1619 Project' seeks to overthrow the United States, not to elevate it," he said.
Such disagreements are by no means new. The American people have been debating what to teach children about U.S. history and societies since at least a new era, the difficult period following the Civil War. Some call this the war of attrition - now more than a century old - “a civil war.”
But as the nation is divided between politics and the state of affairs, wars have intensified, including social issues, a range of social studies, history and political science that has long been hungry for time and resources.
Now, a group of outstanding students and educators are embarking on what they hope will be the way forward in the field. Their “American Democratic Teaching Guide,” which requires significant political and social investment in history, is an attempt to reach an agreement on key questions teachers need to address. Instead of standards and curricula, it offers seven themes, six "basic learning objectives", and five design challenges, all aimed at helping teachers develop structured lessons and curricula.
Already, the road map shows Rorschach's political exploration, in which free and conservative people see different threats in its lines. For conservatives, the framework is the "Trojan horse" of the "awakened" organizational curriculum; for liberals, it is licensed in schools to teach any kind of history they like.
However, there are also indications that Americans are tired of participatory conflict and see social studies as a way to unite the nation. While examining nearly seven changes in American identity, more than half of Democrats and Republicans alike say that citizen education for all preschool-to-grade 12 students will have a significant impact.
If supporters of the roadmap hope to revive discipline, they will have to hold on to this feeling while convincing critics on both sides of the political party to give their program a chance.
The latest wars in social studies began with former President Donald Trump, who barred government organizations from conducting racist sensitivity training and threatened to withhold government funding from schools that taught "The 1619 Project." On the eve of the 2020 election, he set up a commission that issued the "Report of 1776," an opposition to "The 1619 Project."
When Trump left office in January, the war spread to the provinces. To date this year, Republicans in at least five states have introduced bills to prevent the teaching of "The 1619 Project." Lawmakers in at least a dozen states, including Iowa, have favored similar debt after Trump's ban on racist training could prevent schools and colleges from discussing "divisive ideologies," including the idea that the United States or certain states have racist rivals. To date, four provinces have passed.
State legislatures are not the only ones who want to stop schools from teaching certain subjects and ideas. Mississippi and South Dakota administrators have called for legal funding for patriotic studies, while lieutenant officials in North Carolina and Idaho have established forces dedicated to receiving "education" by schools.
Biden's administration went on strike in April, citing the "historic 1619 Project" and the work of anti-apartheid expert Ibram X. In a statement suggesting that the government's historic and social education grant prioritize projects and incorporate different perspectives into teaching. The President's blatant acceptance of The Times project and critical race theory, an educational framework that emphasizes racism embedded in American institutions, raised immediate criticism from Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky.
Meanwhile, conservation groups such as Turning Point USA, a student organization formed by veteran activist Charlie Kirk and sponsored by right wing managers, and Prager University, a non-profit media company founded by a talk show host, conducted their own studies, offering as left-wing doctrinal objections.