Texas has banned abortion after six weeks of pregnancy and restricted minority voting.

source: bbc.com

A triumph for the "trumpistas" of the state. Huge setback in the rights of women and voters. President Biden said these laws "blatantly violate" the Constitution.

Texas became the state most influenced by the ultra-conservative legacy of former President Donald Trump eight months after leaving the White House. This week, two laws were passed almost simultaneously, making Texas now the state with the highest restrictions on abortion and America's voting rights and facilities. Local legislatures in all Republican-dominated states approved similar limits, but this is the first time the courts have determined that the initiatives are legal and can go into effect. A position that further fosters the rift between the Democratic-liberal and Republican-ultraconservative sectors and a victory for the latter who remain convinced that Biden "stole" the election from Trump. In a statement, President Joe Biden said the new anti-abortion law clearly violates the constitution.

The almost total prohibition of the termination of pregnancy in Texas empowers any private citizen to sue an institution or doctor that performs an abortion for breaking the law, which opens the door to lawsuits from anti-abortion "vigilantes" that could end up closing the most clinics in the state. 

It is unbelievable that Texas politicians have escaped this destructive and cruel law that will harm many people. As a result, access to abortion will become a complete mess, Amanda Williams, executive director of the abortion advocacy group Lilith Fund, told the Dallas Morning News. Unfortunately, the people who need access to the most secure and free service are the ones who will at least get it.

Senate Bill 8, passed by the Republican-dominated Texas Legislature and signed into law by Republican Gov. Greg Abbott in May and now ratified by the Supreme Court, prohibits abortion once it is detected embryonic cardiac activity, which is around six weeks not consider exceptions for rape or incest. Last-minute appeals to stop the initiative through a request to the US Supreme Court were unsuccessful.

Thus, Texas is the first state to prohibit abortion at such an early stage of pregnancy since the first such legislation was passed in 1973. Although a dozen other states have passed similar "heartbeat" bills," All have been blocked by the courts. Opponents of the measure say it will prevent most Texas women, 85%, from accessing medical care for an abortion since they do not know they are pregnant at six weeks.

The Texas version is also novel. It is deliberately designed to shield government officials from law enforcement and thus complicate legal challenges. Instead, it encourages US citizens to file a civil lawsuit against any abortion provider or anyone who "assists or instigates" the procedure.

Planned Parenthood, which has 11 clinics in the state, and Whole Woman's Health, with four others, said they would abide by the extreme law even though it runs contrary to their best medical practices. In the days leading up to the law's enactment, Texas clinics said they were forced to turn patients away pending the court's ruling and be sure they were not breaking the law. Most of the doctors who work in these centers will not continue with the care "so as not to endanger their livelihoods," said the founder of the clinic, Amy Hagstrom Miller.

"We are all going to obey the law, even if it is immoral, inhumane and unfair," gynecologist Ghazaleh Moayedi told The Guardian.

It threatens my livelihood, and I hope they will sue me. But my biggest fear is making sure that the most vulnerable in my community, the Black and Latino patients I serve, who are already most at risk from logistical and financial barriers, get the care they need. "

According to the Guttmacher Institute, the law will force most patients to travel out of state for care, multiplying the driving distance to an abortion clinic by twenty - from an average of 20 kilometers to 400 kilometers. And this only happens when patients have the resources to do so, including leave from work, the ability to pay for procedures, and in some cases care for their other children.

Abortion fund support groups - which help fund travel, lodging, and direct service for low-income women through donations - have spent the past four months organizing a service with clinics in other states such as New Mexico and Colorado to ensure that patients receive timely care. When Texas banned most abortion procedures amid the Covid-19 pandemic in March 2020, the number of patients who traveled out of state for care soared nearly 400%.

Leading reproductive rights organizations have warned that the American pro-life movement has become considerably radicalized and is working to spread its ideology worldwide. 

In the 1990s, we saw militant groups fighting abortion, such as Operation Rescue and Operation Save America, and they were quite violent, Ipas, an international NGO working to increase access to contraception and abortion. Works for This recent revival is an even more radical version of what we saw then that they are no longer the pro-life group of your mother. They are worse.

Since Donald Trump stepped down as president, and as the United States has faced the worst epidemic of cowardice in the world, Republican lawmakers have worked to make 2021 the most anti-abortion year since 1973. "Roe vs. Wade" solution with the nationally legally renowned Supreme Court

As a result, states enacted 90 abortion restrictions in 2021, topping the previous record of 89 in 2011.

Concerning voting restrictions, which primarily hurt black and Hispanic minorities, the Texas legislature passed a law that will impose significant new restrictions on voting access in the state. The limits will add to those already in place in Texas, which has some of the strictest voting requirements in the United States and was among the states with the lowest voter turnout in 2020. The Texas House of Representatives approved a final form of voting. The measure Tuesday by 80-41. The Senate quickly followed suit with a vote of 18-13. The bill, nearly identical to a measure approved by the legislature last week, prohibits keeping voting centers open 24 hours a day and voting from the car. It also imposes penalties on election officials who submit requests to vote by mail and gives election monitors more power. These were measures passed in recent years and increased the minority vote in favor of the Democrats. The law was signed by Gov. Greg Abbott, a Republican, who has already announced that he will pass it.

The more conservative lawmakers who introduced the bill did so based on cases such as Crystal Mason, a Fort Worth woman, who was prosecuted and sentenced to five years in prison for voting by mistake when she was ineligible in 2016 or that of Hervis Rogers, who waited seven hours in line to vote in 2020 but was unable to do so because he was on probation for a felony conviction in 1995. When these cases and bills were being dealt with in July, the Democratic legislators from the state chamber left the state. They flew to Washington DC not to provide a quorum and avoid the procedure. It is what in the United States is called a "filibuster," a series of legal maneuvers to interrupt a legislative process. It was useless.

Republicans responded with another very subtle "filibuster." All statistics indicate that between 85% and 90% of abortions are performed after six weeks of pregnancy. Bypassing this law, they know that they are "practically" ending the law in Texas. They also understand that the approved measures significantly limit the vote for Democrats and that they are creating an important precedent for this to be an example for the other eight Republican-dominated states.