The high court examines a Mississippi rule on Wednesday that prohibits most voluntary terminations of pregnancy after 15 weeks.
The Supreme Court of the United States, inclined towards the conservative side on behalf of former President Donald Trump, hears a case this Wednesday that could set abortion rights back 50 years in the country.
The high court has been examining since 15 (GMT), a Mississippi law that prohibits most abortions after 15 weeks of pregnancy. However, he will only have to make his decision known next spring.
As a sign of the enormous repercussion of this case, hundreds of protesters gathered early in front of the Supreme Court, divided into two groups in favor and against Abortion.
The defenders of the procedure demonstrated with messages that said, "Abortion is health. "
While those who reject displayed banners with slogans such as "Abortion is murder" or "God hates hands with innocent blood." Those who oppose the termination of pregnancy have high hopes of ending the jurisprudence that established in 1973 the case "Roe v. Wade" after 50 years of struggle.
In a landmark decision, the high court held in that case that access to Abortion is a woman's constitutional right, repealing state laws that restricted the procedure.
Then, in a 1992 ruling, in the case "Planned Parenthood v. Casey," the Supreme Court guaranteed the right to interrupt the pregnancy until the fetus is viable outside the uterus, something that occurs between 22 and 24 weeks of gestation.
However, those rulings did not end conservative and religious opposition to Abortion, and anti-abortion activists believe their time has come to an end after years of political and legal battles.
"We recognize the magnitude of what we are asking for," Mississippi Attorney General Lynn Fitch wrote in The Washington Post. However, he added that it is time to correct the "mistake" made by the Supreme Court in 1973.
We hope and pray that this decision of the Supreme Court will prove to be a historic turning point for the protection of the most vulnerable people, "said the anti-abortion group" March for Life ".
Mississippi Law 2018 prohibits abortion after 15 weeks of pregnancy and does not make any exceptions to rape or rape. It was stopped by the lower courts declaring it unconstitutional until it was completed in the Supreme Court.
By simply agreeing to hear the case, the court indicates its willingness to review previous rulings, at least as far as "viability" is concerned.
But the conservative state of Mississippi is demanding that the high court go even further and overturn the "Roe vs. Wade."
"Nothing in the constitutional text, structure, history or tradition supports the right to abortion," the state said in a brief argument in court.
Mississippi has the support of 18 other Republican-led states, hundreds of legislators, the Catholic Church, and anti-abortion groups, some of which have invested millions of dollars in advertising campaigns.
The anti-abortion field was boosted by the entry of three justices to the Supreme Court during Trump's presidential tenure (2017-2021), tipping the balance in favor of the conservative side with a 6-3 majority.
Two of Trump's appointed judges replaced abortion rights advocates: Anthony Kennedy was replaced by Brett Kavanaugh and the late feminist Ruth Bader Ginsburg by Amy Coney Barrett, a devout Catholic.
The effect of the new magistrates became apparent on September 1, when the Supreme Court rejected a Texas law barring abortion after six weeks of pregnancy.
Center for Reproductive Rights lawyer Julie Rikelman, who will defend the case in court, believes that if the judges uphold the Mississippi law, states can abort practically any time during pregnancy. It will be possible to impose a ban.
"If the court upholds the ban ... it is annulling Roe and Casey, even if the decision does not mention those words," he warned.
Pro-abortion activists, medical associations, women's rights and civil rights groups reported to the court, along with about 500 leading athletes, including hundreds of Democratic lawmakers and soccer star Megan Repinoe.
"Forcing a woman to continue a pregnancy against her will is a profound intrusion on her autonomy, her physical integrity, and her egalitarian position in society," the Justice Department warned in brief before the court.
The magistrates will have until June to make a decision.