With this determination, the country will reverse the progressive disarmament undertaken in 1991 after the USSR's fall, increasing the arsenal by 45%.
The British Government announced yesterday that it would increase its nuclear arsenal. This decision comes for the first time since the end of the Cold War, within the first post-Brexit strategic review framework, highlighting the challenges presented by Russia and China.
For us, there are not even distant countries to which we know very little. Universal Britain is not a reflection of old obligations, not an unproductive move, but a need for the protection and prosperity of the British people in the years to come. Prime minister Boris Johnson shows his policy by submitting a report on foreign relations, security, defense.
The 100-page document includes an increase to 260 of the maximum number of warheads a country can store.
The United Kingdom will thus put an end to the progressive disarmament undertaken after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, increasing the arsenal by 45% compared to its previous commitment of being limited to 180 warheads in the middle of the decade.
Given that the circumstances and threats change over time, we need to maintain a minimum and credible level of deterrence," justified Foreign Minister Dominic Raab, speaking to BBC radio. He said it was guaranteed. The last insurance policy was against the worst threats of the hostile states.
Having completed its exit from the European Union, with the end of the transition period on January 1, the United Kingdom seeks to position itself according to a concept coined as "global Britain," a dominant power at the international scene.
Russia and China
The Prime Minister's report warns of the "realistic possibility" that a terrorist group "succeeds in launching a CBRN (chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear) attack by 2030." Faced with this perspective, Johnson announced the creation of an "anti-terrorist operations center that brings together our ability to frustrate the designs of terrorists, while facing the actions of hostile States," using, among others, cyber counterattack techniques.
The review mainly presents Vladimir Putin's Russia as an "active threat." For its part, China, with which London maintains increasingly tense diplomatic relations but wishes to strengthen commercial ties, is defined as a "systemic challenge."
- Strategy The plan seeks to bring the United Kingdom closer to Asia and out of the European sphere of influence, having consummated Brexit at the end of 2020.
- Presence The document announces a "greater global presence" of the United Kingdom, which will involve the deployment of British troops abroad "more often and for a longer time; also, It would permit strongly respond to threats to predetermine the problem.
- Investment The Prime Minister also announced an increase in defense investment of 24,000 million pounds (28,000 million euros), mostly renewing the nuclear arsenal and promoting technological tools.