The US Department of Commerce approved the standards. They believe that China could use this technology for the development of nuclear and hypersonic weapons.
The US Department of Commerce announced Thursday that it added seven Chinese supercomputer-specialized entities to its list of sanctioned companies, considering them a threat to its security.
This is to " prevent China take American technology to support its destabilizing military modernization efforts, " said Secretary of Commerce Gina Raimondo in a statement.
Thus, these companies will need a special permit to export and import from the United States.
Raimondo said The superpower computing capabilities are essential for developing sophisticated weapons and national security systems such as nuclear and hypersonic weapons for many people.
The Commerce Department will use the full extent of its authorities to prevent China from taking advantage of US technologies to support these destabilizing military modernization efforts, the press release added. According to official information, the new rules, which restrict US exports to the entities in question, will take effect immediately. However, the sanctions will not apply to products from US suppliers that are already on their way to China.
Among the centers affected by the restrictions in the National Supercomputing Center in Wuxi's eastern city, home of the Sunway TaihuLight, which was considered the fastest in the world when it was launched in 2016 first time that a supercomputer was made without using any American technology.
A list of the latest top 500, compiled by researchers to identify the most powerful supercomputers, has named the Sunway TaihuLight the fourth fastest, with the top three in Japan and the United States at the end of 2020.
In addition to the one named, the Commerce Department added to its blacklist Tianjin Phytium information technology, Shanghai High-Performance Integrated Circuit Design Center, Jinan National Supercomputing Center, Shenzhen National Supercomputing Center, Center Wuxi National Supercomputing Center, and the Zhengzhou National Supercomputing Center.
Beijing responded angrily on Friday, claiming the sanctions' goal is "to slow down China's development ."
"US containment and repression cannot block the pace of Chinese technological development," Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said in a routine briefing.
" China will take the necessary measures to firmly defend the legal rights and interests of its companies, " he added.
The Asian giant is by far the country with the largest number of supercomputers, an expanding field with implications for cloud computing, climate research, and advanced mechanics, in addition to military research.
The United States is increasingly concerned about what it sees as China's intent to gain seemingly technical know-how to modernize its military. Tensions between the world's two largest economies have been exacerbated in recent years, amid accusations by the United States that China continually steals its intellectual property.
Other points of contention are Beijing's increasingly assertive military actions in Asia and its record of human rights violations, including the crackdown in Hong Kong and Uighur Muslims' mass incarceration.
President of the United States, Joe Biden, has vowed to keep pressure on China, a rare point of agreement with his predecessor Donald Trump.