This group, which is also the largest (235 million), fell 8.6%. It is followed by the first minority of Latinos or Hispanics (62 million). The data revealed an increase in multiracial diversity in the country.
The United States census showed for the first time since 1790 a fall in the population that considers itself white, which fell by 8.6% in the decade between 2010 and 2020.
This is pointed out by the data published this Thursday. The United States registered a population of 331,449,281 people in the 2020 census. The white people as the largest group (235 million) and the Hispanic population as the most significant minority, formed for 62.1 million.
"Our population is much more multiracial, diverse, and multicultural than what we had measured before," said Nicholas Jones, director of the agency's Division of Racial and Ethnic Research.
Of the total population, the largest group is still whites, 235 million people, of whom 204.3 identify as exclusively white and 31.1 as white and of another race or ethnicity.
The most significant minority of the US population is made up of 62.1 million Latinos or Hispanics. Of these groups, those who consider themselves "white" decreased by 53.9% in a decade, and those who said they were "two or more races" increased by 567%.
The third largest category of population after "whites" and "Latinos" is those who chose to identify themselves as a member of "another race" before the census questionnaire. ۔ a selection to which 49 joined, 9 million people. This is the population group that has had, in percentage terms, the most significant increase since the 2010 census, with an increase of 733%, Jones said.
The fourth category comprises blacks or African Americans, who number 46.9 million, of which 41.1 million identify exclusively with that race.
The fifth category comprises those who identify with two or more races and who number 33.8 million people.
In its racial and ethnic diversity index, the Census Bureau found that the most diverse populations are Hawaii and California, followed by Nevada, Texas, Maryland, the District of Columbia, New York, and New Jersey.
The Census is carried out in the US every ten years by constitutional mandate. The results depend on the distribution of political representation of states in Congress and the Electoral College and billions of dollars in federal funds for infrastructure, education, health, housing and social services.
The Census Bureau released its statistics based on the enumeration carried out last year amid the COVID-19 pandemic.
The census also had to deal with efforts to include the question of citizenship on then-President Donald Trump's registration form and to exclude undocumented immigrants when it came time to divide each state's political representation.
These results are of crucial importance for political parties and candidates seeking to adapt their campaigns to the demographic profile of their voters and the delegation of each State in the Electoral College.