The United States has said Russia will not renew arms embargoes that allow member states to use patrol aircraft, accusing Moscow of violating the treaty.
The decision not to re-enter the Open Agreement came just weeks before a planned summit between President Joe Biden and Russian President Vladimir Putin in Geneva. U.S. movement It leaves only one arms control treaty between the two armed states, the new START treaty. Biden agreed to extend the agreement for another five years.
"The United States regrets that the Open Skies agreement was hurt by Russia's violations," a State Department spokesman told NBC News. "In concluding the review of this agreement, the United States therefore has no intention of seeking a reunion because Russia has failed to take steps to return to compliance."
The spokesman also said that Russia's recent actions, including in Ukraine, did not indicate that it was a partner "committed to building confidence." Russia has recently deployed dozens of troops, tanks and planes near the Ukrainian border before reducing what it calls "exercise."
Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman informed Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov of the decision on Thursday, a spokeswoman said.
Trump says Russia has not followed the arms control agreement Open Skies
Signed by the United States in 1992 and suspended in 2002, the agreement allows non-stop flights to direct international checkpoints. The agreement is designed to promote transparency and reduce potential tensions between Russia and the West.
The 34 member states of the treaty tested 1,500 airlines in October 2019.
Former President Donald Trump announced the US withdrawal from the agreement last year, but officials in Washington and Moscow had indicated that it was possible for the two sides to meet. Russia's parliament voted last week to ratify the deal.
Russia denies U.S. allegations That it failed to comply with the agreement and overturned Trump's decision to leave the agreement.
Some weapons control experts in the U.S. They criticized the U.S. decision, saying the agreement was a useful tool to prevent conflicts or mysterious catastrophes.
"It is unfortunate and dangerous that the United States has decided to withdraw from the Open Skies Treaty, and Russia's decision to do the same makes the situation worse," said Jon Wolfsthal, director of the Nuclear Crisis Group and senior adviser to Global Zero, a dedicated international organization. to eliminate all nuclear weapons.
"Open Skies is designed to make it difficult for provinces to secretly recruit soldiers who will attack or raid across the border of another province," he said. "In today's environment, where any small power collision can grow rapidly, Open Skies are needed now more than ever."
Although flight monitoring may not be effective in collecting data such as split satellites, contractors say the aircraft provides a way to build trust and avoid potentially incorrect calculations.
U.S. authorities Over the years they have blamed Russia for blocking access to Open Skies flights in the strategic area of Kaliningrad, above Moscow, as well as on the border between Russia and the Georgian regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.
Trump adheres to the security agreement used to monitor Russia, the resources system
The United States has responded to Russian sanctions by reducing the length of flights to Hawaii and restricting access to two US Air Force bases used during Russian missions in the United States.
Kingston Reif, director of disarmament and intimidation policies at the Arms Control Association, said the decision was "unfortunate but not surprising."
As a candidate for the presidency, Biden strongly criticized Trump for leaving the agreement. But administrative officials have found that their means of renewing the deal are "too limited" due to the collapse of Trump's move, according to Reif.
"The repeal of this agreement underscores the importance of the United States and Russia re-establishing stability and security negotiations and following effective measures to reduce the risk of uncertainty and conflict," he said.