Joe Biden summoned almost 110 nations from all continents for the meeting that will take place on December 9 and 10.
US President Joe Biden invited nearly 110 countries to participate in his virtual summit for democracy in December, including the main Western allies of the United States and Iraq, India, and Pakistan, according to the list published Tuesday by the State Department.
Unlike Taiwan, China, a key US rival, has not been invited because of the risk of provoking Beijing. Turkey, Washington's ally in NATO, is also not a member.
From the Middle East, only Israel and Iraq were invited to the online meeting hosted by Biden on December 9-10. Traditional Arab allies of the United States such as Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Qatar, or the United Arab Emirates are not invited.
The US president invited Brazil, led by far-right Jair Bolsonaro.
In Europe, Poland is represented, despite recurring tensions with Brussels over respect for the rule of law. However, Hungary, led by controversial Prime Minister Viktor Orbán, is not on the State Department's list.
As for Africa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, South Africa, Nigeria, and Niger are among the guests.
Since he arrived at the White House in January, Biden's foreign policy has focused on combatting democracies and "autocracies," from his perspective embodied by China and Russia.
Along these lines, the "Summit for Democracy" is one of his priorities, as well as one of his campaign promises.
DEMOCRACES IN REVERSE
"For a first summit (...) there are good reasons to keep in mind a wide range of actors: this allows a better exchange of ideas", djo to AFP Laleh Ispahani, the Open Society Foundations, before the publication of the ready.
According to Ispahani, rather than holding an anti-China meeting, a country that he calls a "lost opportunity," Civil society leaders "attack the crisis that represents the serious decline of democracy around the world. For the world, even for relatively solid models like the United States."
The summit was organized in light of the many blows to democracy that the United States had high hopes for in recent months.
Scenes of military coups in Sudan and Burma; Ethiopia, according to Washington, is embroiled in controversy over the threat of "flourishing"; And Afghanistan, where the Taliban took power after the United States left the country after 20 years of democratization efforts.
According to a report by the Stockholm-based organization International IDEA, the United States itself was added to the list of "declining democracies" for the first time, mainly due to a decline under the Trump era.