Myth No. 1
Some vaccines are better than others and should wait for you.
Detroit Mayor Mike Duggan rejected the first shipment of 6 200 doses of Johnson & Johnson vaccine this month, saying city dwellers should get "excellent" guns - not proven to be mRNA vaccines. Many people seem to be worried about what to expect, because Johnson & Johnson's recently approved vaccine reported very low levels of efficacy - 66 percent protects against moderate to severe infections, and 85 percent for serious infections, compared with 95 percent for symptomatic covid -19 For Pfizer-BioNTech and Modern.
But they all work with the same goal. Immune defense depends on the weakening of the immune defenses in the protein coronavirus spike, the part of the virus that binds to cells in our bodies. All vaccines deliver this spike protein, causing our immune system to produce a type of antibody that prevents the virus from invading or invading. And the three approved vaccines all so far produce high levels of protection to keep you out of the hospital; it is possible that they all also prevent seamless transmission.
The Johnson & Johnson vaccine, which requires only one dose, unlike mRNA vaccines, can also have other benefits. We already know that it partially protects against B.1.351 mutations that originated in South Africa - and we do not know for sure about the two mRNA vaccines, which were tested before that type emerged. We do not yet know which vaccine causes the longest-lasting protection. And all vaccines may require additional promotions in the fall or next year.
Myth No. 2
Young people do not need it, especially if they are healthy.
Critics of the vaccine say that people who are not elderly and in good health do not need to be vaccinated. Former Major League Baseball player Aubrey Huff said on Twitter that he would not take it, because "his 44-year-old body with jackets, and immune system is working well." In Israel, authorities have said that young people were slower to vaccinate than older people because of ideas they did not need: "We are reaching out to a small community, and some people do not understand the importance of the vaccine."
While young people are less likely to kill adults with covid-19, the disease can still be dangerous for them. A study published in February found that about 30 percent of adults between the ages of 18 and 39 with covid-19 suffer from “long-term” symptoms, including fatigue, brain fog, and loss of taste or smell. Most of these young adults had a minor illness when they first became infected. And the claim that only those over the age of 65 are more likely to die from covid-19 is false: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention finds that among non-white and Spanish people, about a third of deaths occur in those younger than 65. Although maintaining a healthy lifestyle can be helpful in strengthening your immune system, this alone will not provide the immune system that will keep you out of the hospital. Therefore, a coronavirus vaccine is needed.
Myth No. 3
Vaccines are very urgent, we do not know if they are safe
"I'm starting to get skeptical," Fox News manager Sean Hannity said in January. “I kept telling my friends that I was going to get vaccinated. Half of them agree, and the other half think I'm totally nuts. They wouldn’t take you a million years. ”Fox Fox partner Tucker Carlson has raised alarms about the" glossy door "and a" very hot "marketing campaign for the vaccine. In social media, viral videos and posts are suspected to have developed drugs too quickly or to have been sent to provinces before the Food and Drug Administration approved them - meaning regulators did not have time to ensure they were safe and effective. In part because of the release of company news and statements from the White House in 2020, many Americans feel that these vaccines appeared, like magic, suddenly.
But scientists have been working on vaccines to protect against various coronaviruses for at least a decade, where they have identified spike protein as the softest target of the virus and figured out how to transmit it. (This 10-year research and development program is similar to the time frame for other goals.) If it were not for all that important work, pharma companies would not be failing. And the clinical trials used to test the safety of new vaccines were large and carefully controlled, roughly the same as those used to test other vaccines.
Myth No. 4
Vaccines contain unsafe or illegal ingredients.
The Facebook post which states that vaccines containing microchips to track people has gone too far. The Catholic Archdiocese of New Orleans advised parishioners not to shoot Johnson & Johnson if they could avoid it because it was built and manufactured using "morally degraded abortions" - although the Vatican later clarified that Catholics should take it if other effective corolakalivirus drugs were available.
Myth No. 5
MRNA vaccines modify your DNA
Anti-vaccination groups and social media outlets claim that mRNA drugs can cause infertility or autoimmune disorders by altering the recipients' genes or by altering their DNA - that injectable injections become part of our genes. Many of the posts that make this claim have been slashed by Facebook since last year, before the drugs were approved for even emergency use.
Complaints about reproductive problems and immune problems are often copied or pasted into previous false claims about the HPV vaccine.