United States: The Cuban government is afraid of what the people will say. That's why it blocks social networks.
The US Undersecretary for Western Hemisphere Affairs rejected the censorship on the island and directly interpellated the dictator Miguel Díaz Canel. "He is afraid of the truth," he denounced.
"Access to social networks and messaging applications is blocked for the same reason. Fear," Julie Chung wrote on her Twitter account., the US Undersecretary for Western Hemisphere Affairs.
The official assured that the Cuban regime is afraid of what the people have to say. "He is afraid of the truth," he accused.
In his message, Joe Biden's official enraptured Cuban dictator Miguel Díaz-Canel and the Minister of Communications of the Republic of Cuba, Mayra Arevich Marín, to ensure that the message would reach its recipients: the regime.
Chung, too accompanied his statement with the hashtag #UnblockCuba, a trend on Twitter to demand that the blockade of mobile data and internet access be lifted throughout the island.
Electricity cuts and internet blockades are tools that the regime usually resorts to quell protests: the objective is that no video or conference is shared. Furthermore, the world does not find out what is happening there. Hermeticism has allowed it to survive the brutal Castro dictatorship for decades. However, since July 11, when a wave of spontaneous protests surprised the world, the regime once again put the strategy into practice and blocked communications on the island.
Since then, the regime has limited access to both fixed and mobile Internet and has used other methods to filter content online with Chinese-made technology, said Gaspar Pisanu of the digital rights group Access Now.
He said they were removing people's ability to use mobile cards by canceling their SIM cards, censoring hashtags, and blocking messages on VPNs.
President Joe Biden said last Thursday that the White House was considering whether the US government could help Cuba restore Internet access. They have cut off access to the Internet. "We are considering whether we have the technical capacity to restore this access," he told a news conference.
One idea put forward by experts would be to send balloons with mobile WiFi, a measure taken during natural disasters.
To circumvent limitations on the Internet, activists resort to various resources, including virtual private networks (VPNs), "mesh networks" that connect groups of computers, and techniques to conceal their activities. Still, none have been used on a large scale.
THE ROLE OF SOCIAL MEDIA
This week the human rights activist, Manuel Cuesta Morúa, assured Cuba that social networks played a fundamental role in the historic protests against the Castro regime, which began on July 11. However, the dictatorship's internet shutdown was not enough to appease the island's citizens, who were already fierce in the streets demanding their rights and freedoms.
Networks made a difference. The Internet made a difference because, for the first time, there were demonstrations from east to west. That is for the first time in the history of Cuba, there have never been such extensive, massive, deep and widespread protests, and what we saw was thanks to the networks, "said Cuesta in a forum held through the social network Twitter Space called by the Argentine organization Centro para la Apertura y el Desarrollo de América Latina (CADAL).
Cuesta said that the internet shutdown on the island occurred between one and two hours after the start of the protests, and the announcement of the restoration has been unstable.
The activist, who was also detained during the first days of the demonstrations, explained how they found out what was happening in the different cities of the country: "We found out about it as young people from different parts of the city started arriving at the police station.They became our reporters. They kept updating us; we learned from them at night that even in Pinar del Rio, there were demonstrations".
Journalists and other spokespersons based on the island of Cuba are expected to attend the digital event. Still, due to failures and instability in their internet services, they were unable to connect.