U.S.: essential travelers must also be vaccinated against COVID-19 to enter the country.
As of January 22, all people who are not citizens or residents must be fully immunized to cross the border. Until now, this requirement applied only to pleasure trips.
The administration of President Joe Biden will require that visitors who make essential travel, are not residents, and cross the land borders of the United States - such as truck drivers, emergency workers, or the government - be fully vaccinated against COVID-19 starting January 22, according to official sources.
A senior government official told the A.P. news agency that the requirement, which the White House anticipated in October, aligns the rules for essential travel with those that took effect in early November for leisure travelers. The United States this month reopened its borders to people fully vaccinated against COVID-19.
Essential travelers entering by ferry will also need to be fully vaccinated by the same date, said the official, who spoke to the A.P. on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to talk about the matter before the official announcement Tuesday.
The rules pertain to non-Americans. U.S. citizens and permanent residents can enter the country regardless of their vaccination status but face additional testing requirements because authorities believe they contract and spread COVID-19 more efficiently and encourage them to get vaccinated.
The Biden administration delayed the requirement for essential travelers by more than two months from when the order for non-essential visitors went into effect (November 8) to avoid disruption, particularly among truck drivers who are vital to the economy. Trade-in North America. While most cross-border traffic was closed in the early days of the pandemic in 2020, essential travelers have been able to transit unhindered.
The deadline is beyond the point when the Biden administration expects large companies to require their employees to be vaccinated or tested weekly under an emergency regulation issued by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. That rule is now delayed by litigation, but the White House has encouraged companies to implement their mandates regardless of the federal requirement to boost vaccination.
About 47 million adults in the United States remain unvaccinated, according to figures from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
"It is a hugely positive change. It is a great step towards returning to normality in international travel. It aims to protect the health of all: Americans, residents and those who visit us," said Rena Bitter, undersecretary for Consular Affairs of the State Department, in a press conference in which Infobae participated after they were adopted in November the new rules for international travelers after a year and a half, with the requirement of a complete vaccination for non-resident visitors.
Dr. Martin Cetron, director of the CDC's Division of Global Migration and Quarantine (DGMQ), clarified that the authorities would allow the entry of people who have a mixture of formulas, as long as they are doses in the list. In this way, people who received a first Sputnik V vaccine and a second from another approved formula will continue not to meet the requested requirements.
The WHO authorized formulas are from Moderna, Pfizer, AstraZeneca (also the U.S. approved), Covaxin, Covishield, Sinopharm, and Sinovac.