This is the third time that the Supreme Court has come to the rescue of the most important piece of the former president's legacy, a health law that has covered more than 20 million people in the United States and that Republicans have been trying to repeal for a decade.
The Supreme Court of the United States on Thursday refused to repeal the emblematic health law of former Democratic President Barack Obama, which will allow millions of Americans to continue to have health coverage at a time when the covid-19 pandemic persists.
The decision of the highest court, taken by a majority of seven of its nine justices, represents a posterior setback for former Republican President Donald Trump, who tried by all means to suppress the law better known as Obamacare.
The resolution, the third it takes on this law, was based on a legal argument according to which Texas (south) and the other Republican states that filed the appeal had no basis for doing so.
Democratic President Joe Biden, who was Obama's vice president when the law was enacted, called the court ruling "a great victory for the American people" and for those "who were in imminent danger of losing their healthcare amid a pandemic. unique in the century".
This "remains, as always, a BFD," Biden said, referring to a comment that he whispered in Obama's ear at the signing ceremony of the law in 2010 and was picked up by live microphones.
"This is a 'big fucking deal'" (It's a fucking important deal), he said then.
For his part, Obama said the court ruling reaffirms the law "is here to stay."
"The principle of universal coverage has been established, and 31 million people now have access to health care thanks to the law we passed, and millions more can no longer be denied coverage or be charged more for a medical condition. Pre-existing, "said the former president in a statement.
The court's decision was equally greeted with enthusiasm among Democratic leaders.
Nancy Pelosi, the Democratic speaker of the House of Representatives, said that because of the tireless advocacy of Americans across the country and the hard work of Democrats in Congress, the cheap health care law is cheap.
Despite all the desperate attacks by the right-wing to wrest health care from millions of Americans," the law "is constitutional and here to stay," added Massachusetts Democratic Sen. Elizabeth Warren.
Obamacare has grown in popularity among Americans over the years, but Republicans, spurred on by Trump initiatives, have tried to overturn it numerous times.
Republican lawmakers said the decision "will not change the fact that Obamacare has failed to deliver on its promises and is hurting working American families.
According to John Hopkins University, the United States is the country most mourned by the pandemic, with more than 600,000 deaths.
In its original form, Obamacare, passed by Congress in 2010, required all Americans, even those in good health, to purchase insurance under penalty of financial penalties and required companies to admit all customer's potential, regardless of their health.
This reform provided health coverage to 31 million Americans who previously did not have it.
Poor adults had access to health coverage, and young people under 26 could be covered by their parents' insurance. People who had been denied service for pre-existing medical conditions got coverage.
But Republicans have always viewed mandatory insurance as an abuse of government power.
The Supreme Court upheld the law in 2012, ruling that economic sanctions could be considered a tax and government intervention could be justified.
But Republican lawmakers managed to change it in 2017, reducing penalties for lack of insurance to zero.
Several Republican states then presented new appeals, arguing that the law was no longer valid. In December 2018, a federal judge in Texas agreed, arguing that without this "basis," the entire law would be unconstitutional.
And that was exactly the sentence that the Supreme Court quashed on Thursday.
"We have not decided the question of the validity of the law, but Texas and the other plaintiffs are not competent to raise it," wrote progressive Judge Stephen Breyer on behalf of most of his colleagues.
Four of the top court's conservative justices - including two appointed by Trump and Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts - joined their three liberal colleagues in voting for the bill.